Capstone Unit                                                                                                      (Min. No. 8)

2nd semester: Tuesday evening



This capstone unit uses the framework of the Church’s affirmation of faith as found in the Apostles’ and Nicene Creeds to prompt reflection on the basic components of Christian belief, and to draw conclusions about how our believing informs responsible living in the present and hope for the future. Consideration is given to how the various components of these articulations of faith arise from the biblical witness and are shaped by the experience of Christian communities. Students will use their biblical, historical, systematic and applied theological knowledge to offer an integrate perspective on an article of the creed and its implication for Christian practice today.

PREREQUISITES: at least 75 points of Elective units (i.e. 5 units)


Upon successful completion of this unit, it is expected that students will be able to:

  1. describe the biblical foundations of the creedal affirmations
  2. evaluate how issues in the early church influenced these beliefs
  3. explore the ongoing significance of at least two creedal articles
  4. integrate the biblical, historical and theological sources in understanding and articulating faith
  5. evaluate the implications for Christian life of one creedal article


Minor essay 2000 words focussing on origin and importance of a creedal article (30%); major essay 4000 words focussing on origin, importance and implications for Christian life of a different creedal article (70%)


BIBLIOGRAPHY *set texts recommended for purchase

Ashwin-Siejkowski, Piotr. Early Christian Doctrine and the Creeds. London: SCM, 2010.

Gunton, Colin, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Christian Doctrine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Johnson, Luke T. The Creed: What Christians Believe and Why It Matters. London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 2003.

Kelly, Anthony. The Creed by Heart: Relearning the Nicene Creed. Blackburn: HarperCollins, 1996.

Kelly, J. N. D. Early Christian Creeds. 3rd ed. New York: Continuum, 2004.

Kϋng, Hans. Credo: the Apostles’ Creed for Today. London: SCM, 1993.

Lochman, Jan. The Faith We Confess: An Ecumenical Dogmatics. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2004.

Quash, Ben, and Michael Ward, eds. Heresies and How to Avoid Them: Why It Matters What Christians Believe. London: SPCK, 2007.

Schϋssler Fiorenza, Francis, and John P. Galvin, eds. Systematic Theology: Roman Catholic Perspectives. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 2011.

Webster, John, Kathryn Tanner and Iain Torrance, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Systematic Theology. Oxford: OUP, 2007.

World Council of Churches. Confessing the One Faith: An Ecumenical Explication of the Apostolic Faith. Geneva: WCC, 2015.

Young, Frances. The Making of the Creeds. London: SCM, 2002.