1st semester: Monday morning (Min. No. 8)

This unit aims to explore the meaning and implications of the Christian belief that the cosmos is the creation of God which, although declared to be good, is experienced in brokenness. It comprises four elements: (1) theological and scientific views of the cosmos; (2) theological problems raised by the brokenness (‘fallenness’) of existence in the world; (3) theological views of the place and responsibility of humankind in the world; and (4) the tension between theological and scientific expectations/hopes about the eventual future of the cosmos.


Upon successful completion of this unit, it is expected that students will be able to:
1. analyse various biblical views of the world as God’s good but broken creation
2. compare and contrast the several stages of the modern encounter between theology and the physical sciences
3. give a critical account of various views of how God interacts with the world
4. formulate some practical implications of belief in creation for Christian spirituality and ethics
5. demonstrate a critical awareness of some major approaches to theodicy (Level 3)

Level 2: 2000 word essay (50%); 2000 word essay (50%)
Level 3: 2500 word essay (50%); 2500 word essay (50%)

Anderson, B., ed. Creation in the Old Testament. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 1984.

Astley, J., and A. Loades, eds. Creation: A Reader. London: T&T Clark, 2003.

Barbour, I. Religion in an Age of Science. London: SCM Press, 1990.

Davis, S. T. Encountering Evil: Live Options in Theodicy. Atlanta, GA: John Knox, 1981.

Edwards, D. Breath of Life: A Theology of the Creator Spirit. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 2004.

Gilkey, L. Maker of Heaven and Earth: The Christian Doctrine of Creation in the Light of Modern Knowledge. Lanham: University Press of America, 1985.

Granberg-Michaelson, W. Ecology and Life: Accepting our Environmental Responsibility. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1988.

Hall, D. J. Imaging God: Dominion as Stewardship. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1986.

Johnson, E. Ask the Beasts: Darwin and the God of Love. London: Bloomsbury, 2014.

Klaiber, W. On Creation: Religion and Science in Dialogue. Translated by Randi H. Lundell. Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 2011.

Mangum, J., ed. The New Faith-Science Debate: Probing Cosmology, Technology and Theology. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 1989.

Moltmann, J. God in Creation: An Ecological Doctrine of Creation. London: SCM Press, 1985.

Peacocke, A. The Palace of Glory: God’s World and Science. Adelaide: ATF Press, 2005.

Polkinghorne, J. C. The Work of Love: Creation as Kenosis. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2001.

Polkinghorne, J., and M. Welker, eds. The End of the World and the Ends of God: Science and Theology on Eschatology. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 2000.

Southgate, C., et al. God, Humanity and the Cosmos: A Textbook in Science and Religion. Harrisburg, PA: T&T Clark, 1999.