Elective unit 
2nd semester: Wednesday evening         (Min. No. 8)

Cross listed as Religious Education DR9310Y

This unit aims to present with ecumenical sensitivity the origin, meaning and purpose of the Christian sacraments. It begins by outlining foundational concepts upon which contemporary sacramental theology rests, including the importance of symbol, ritual, Jesus as primordial sacrament and the Church as fundamental sacrament. Using this framework, the unit then undertakes a survey of the seven sacraments, paying particular attention to their historical, symbolic, liturgical and pastoral dimensions. Finally, the unit explores and evaluates more recent directions within sacramental theology as a discipline.

PREREQUISITES: One Foundational unit in Systematic Theology

Upon successful completion of this unit, it is expected that students will be able to:
1. articulate the importance of foundational concepts such as symbol and ritual in defining and describing sacraments
2. discuss the importance of Jesus Christ as primordial sacrament and the Church as fundamental sacrament in defining and describing sacraments
3. identify significant developments in the historical evolution of the sacraments
4. analyse the sacraments in terms of their key historical developments, symbolic meanings, and liturgical expression
5. explain how the sacraments manifest the presence and work of the Holy Spirit
6. articulate the eschatological, missiological and ethical dimensions of the sacraments
7. evaluate recent research and directions within sacramental theology as a discipline

2000 word essay on foundational principles in sacramental theology (30%); 1000 seminar paper (20%); 3000 word major essay (50%)

BIBLIOGRAPHY *set text recommended for purchase
Chauvet, Louis-Marie. The Sacraments: The Word of God at the Mercy of the Body. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2001.

Cooke, Bernard. Sacraments and Sacramentality. Mystic, CT: Twenty-Third, 1983.

Lawler, Michael. Symbol and Sacrament: A Contemporary Sacramental Theology. 1987. Reprint. Omaha, NE: Creighton University Press, 1995.

Martinez, German. Signs of Freedom: Theology of the Christian Sacraments. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 2003.

*Martos, Joseph. Doors to the Sacred: A Historical Introduction to Sacraments in the Catholic Church. Ligouri, MO: Triumph, 2001.

———. The Sacraments: An Interdisciplinary and Interactive Study. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2009.

Mitchell, Nathan. Meeting Mystery: Liturgy, Worship, Sacraments. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 2006.

Noll, Ray. Sacraments: A New Understanding for a New Generation. 1999. Reprint, Mystic, CT: Twenty-Third, 2001.

Osborne, Kenan. Sacramental Theology: A General Introduction. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 1988.

Philibert, Paul. At the Heart of Christian Worship: Liturgical Essays of Yves Congar. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2010.

Rahner, Karl. The Church and the Sacraments. New York: Herder & Herder, 1963.

Schillebeeckx, E. Christ the Sacrament of Encounter with God. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1963.

Vorgrimler, Herbert. Sacramental Theology. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1992.