Elective unit (Min. No. 8)

2nd semester: Tuesday evening

This unit will explore the biblical tradition of justice, righteousness and the reign of God and the historical and social situations in which the concept developed. Texts will be used from the Pentateuch, the Psalms, the Prophets and Wisdom Literature as well as selected passages from Qumran Literature. Study of the concept of justice in the NT will focus particularly on the Gospel of Luke, with its emphasis on the reign of God as good news of justice for the poor and oppressed.


Upon successful completion of this unit, it is expected that students will be able to:
1. articulate an understanding of the meaning of the concept of justice in both Testaments
2. outline the basic links between the concepts of justice and righteousness in the various books of the First Testament
3. appraise and analyse continuity and discontinuity in the teaching and practice of justice, righteousness and the reign of God from one Testament to another, with main concentration on the Gospel according to Luke in NT study
4. exhibit appropriate skills in biblical interpretation
5. identify key words in Hebrew and Greek lexicons and dictionaries, and use the shades of meaning appropriately in both oral and written work

2000 word exegetical presentation (40%); 4000 word essay (60%)
BIBLIOGRAPHY * = set texts recommended for purchase
NRSV Bible with the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books [RSV is also acceptable]

Birch, Bruce C. Let Justice Roll Down: The Old Testament Ethics, and Christian Life. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 1991.

Beasley-Murray, George R. Jesus and the Kingdom of God. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1986.

Byrne, Brendan. The Hospitality of God: A Reading of Luke’s Gospel. Strathfield, NSW: St Pauls, 2000.

Grassi, Joseph. Informing the Future: Social Justice in the New Testament. New York: Paulist, 2003.

Green, Joel B. The Gospel of Luke. NICNT. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997.

Hendricks, Herman. Social Justice in the Bible. Quezon City: Claretian, 1985.

Herzog 11, William R. Jesus, Justice and the Reign of God. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2000.

Horsley, Richard. Jesus and the Powers: Conflict, Covenant, and the Hope of the Poor. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 2010.

Malchow, Bruce V. Social Justice and the Hebrew Bible: What is Old. What is New. Collegeville, MN: Michael Glazier, 1996.

Malina, Bruce. The Social Gospel of Jesus: The Kingdom of God in Mediterranean Perspective. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 2001.

McKnight, Scot, and Joseph B., eds. Jesus Is Lord, Caesar Is Not: Evaluating Empire in New Testament Studies. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2013.

*Nardoni, Enrique. Rise up O Judge: A Study of Justice in the Biblical World. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2004.

Weinfeld, Moshe. Social Justice in Ancient Israel and the Ancient Near East. Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, The Hebrew University, 1995.

Zehr, Howard. Changing Lenses: A New Focus for Crime and Justice. Scottdale, GA: Herald Press, 1995.