Elective unit                                                                                                          (Min. No. 8)

1st semester: Monday morning



This unit provides an opportunity for students to study a corpus of material that embraces much of the history of prophecy in Israel. The unit will comprise: an introduction to the twelve so-called ‘minor prophets’, an analysis of the books of Hosea, Amos, Micah, Jonah and Zechariah from the twelve Prophets; and an examination of the hypothesis that the twelve constitute a book of prophecy. Students will undertake detailed exegesis of passages selected from the books listed above.



Upon successful completion of this unit, it is expected that students will be able to:

  1. demonstrate a critical grasp of the historical, literary and theological issues associated with the Books of the Twelve Prophets and their interpretation
  2. demonstrate a critical knowledge of key theological themes in these prophetic books
  3. analyse in a critical manner selected passages from these prophetic books
  4. make critical use of secondary sources
  5. discuss in an critical manner the issue of the continuing relevance of these prophetic books
  6. research and critically assess passages or themes from these prophetic books in a rigorous and self-directed manner


2000 word exegetical paper (35%); 4000 word essay (65%)


BIBLIOGRAPHY *set texts recommended for purchase

Alter, R. The Art of Biblical Poetry. New York: Basic, 1985.

Ben Zvi, E., and J. D. Nogalski, eds. Two Sides of a Coin: Juxtaposing Views on Interpreting the Book of the Twelve/The Twelve Prophetic Books. Analecta Gorgiana 201. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias, 2009.

*Ferreiro, A., ed. The Twelve Prophets. Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity, 2003.

Le Cureux, J. T. The Thematic Unity of the Book of the Twelve. Hebrew Bible Monographs 41. Sheffield: Phoenix, 2012.

Nogalski, J. D. Literary Precursors to the Book of the Twelve. Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 1993.

———. Redactional Processes in the Book of the Twelve. Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 1993.

Pedersen, D. L. The Prophetic Literature: An Introduction. Louisville, TN: WJK, 2002.

Sweeney, M. A., et al., eds. The Twelve Prophets. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2000.

*Sweeney, M. A. The Prophetic Literature. IBT. Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 2005.

Wilson, R. R. Prophecy and Society in Ancient Israel. Philadelphia, PA: Fortress, 1980.