Foundational Unit   (Min. No. 8)
2nd semester: Wednesday evening

This unit will further the study of biblical Hebrew by addressing more advanced aspects of grammar and syntax, by the reading of selected Hebrew texts, and by exercises in biblical text criticism.

PREREQUSITES: AL8001Y or equivalent

Upon successful completion of this unit, it is expected that students will be able to:
1. demonstrate command of the morphology and syntax of the Hebrew texts studied
2. translate accurately the Hebrew texts studied, as well as unknown texts of equal or lesser difficulty
3. demonstrate familiarity with core Hebrew vocabulary
4. use lexical and other aids for the study and translation of Hebrew texts
5. perform simple tasks of biblical text criticism

Class tests equivalent to 1000 words total (20%); 2 hour exam (30%); 3 hour exam (50%)

BIBLIOGRAPHY *set texts recommended for purchase
Bolozky, Shmuel. 501 Hebrew verbs fully conjugated in all the tenses in a new easy-to-follow format alphabetically arranged by root. 1996. 3rd ed. Hauppauge, NY: Barron’s Educational Series, 2018.

Brown, Francis, Samuel R. Driver, and Charles A. Briggs. Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament. Reprint. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1999.

*Elliger, Karl, and Wilhelm Rudolph, eds. Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. 3rd ed. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1987.

Holladay, William L. A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. Leiden: Brill, 1988.

Joüon, Paul. A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew. 2nd ed. Translated and revised by Takamitsu Muraoka. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 2006.

Putnam, Frederic Clarke. A New Grammar of Biblical Hebrew. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix, 2010.

Sáenz-Badillos, Angel. A History of the Hebrew Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

*Walker-Jones, Arthur. Hebrew for Biblical Interpretation. Atlanta, GA: SBL, 2003.

Wonneberger, Reinhard. Understanding BHS: A Manual for the Users of the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Subsidia Biblica 8. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 1984.