Foundational Unit    (Min. No.8)

1st semester: Wednesday evening

This unit will introduce students to biblical Hebrew by the study of its basic grammar and syntax, the reading of selected Hebrew texts, and the acquisition of a basic Hebrew vocabulary.


Upon successful completion of this unit, it is expected that students will be able to:
1. demonstrate a basic understanding of Hebrew morphology and syntax
2. translate accurately the Hebrew texts studied
3. recall an extended Hebrew vocabulary
4. use lexical and other aids for the study and translation of Hebrew texts
5. begin applying Hebrew language skills to exegetical tasks

Class tests (short written examinations) equivalent to 1500 words (25%); One 1.5 hour written examination (25%); One 3 hour written examination (50%)

BIBLIOGRAPHY *set texts recommended for purchase
Bolozky, Shmuel. 501 Hebrew Verbs Fully Conjugated in all the Tenses in a New Easy-to-follow Format Alphabetically Arranged by Root. Barron’s Foreign Language Guides. 1996. 3rd ed. Hauppauge, NY: Barron’s Educational Series, 2018.

Brown, Francis, Samuel R. Driver, and Charles A. Briggs. Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament. Reprint. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1999.

Elliger, Karl, and Wilhelm Rudolph, eds. Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. 3rd ed. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1987.

Holladay, William L. A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. Leiden: Brill, 1988.

Joüon, Paul, and Takamitsu Muraoka. A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew. Subsidia Biblica 14/I, II. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 1991.

Putnam, Frederic Clarke. A New Grammar of Biblical Hebrew. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix, 2010.

Sáenz-Badillos, Angel. A History of the Hebrew Language. Cambridge: CUP, 1993.

*Walker-Jones, Arthur. Hebrew for Biblical Interpretation. Atlanta, GA: SBL, 2003.

Wonneberger, Reinhard. Understanding BHS: A Manual for the Users of the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Subsidia Biblica 8. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 1984.